The two ships of the Belyanka class, Amur and Pinega, were built to receive, transport and store liquid and solid radioactive waste. The ships are equipped with a special filter to reduce the radioactive content of liquid waste. They were formerly used to dump radioactive waste at sea.
|Northern Fleet||Pacific Fleet||Total|
|Length:||123.3 m||Displacement:||8 400 tons|
|Draught loaded:||6.3 m||Speed:||approximately 16 knots|
Both ships of this class were built in Vyborg.
Each ship has a storage capacity of 800 m³ of liquid radioactive waste. The liquid is filtered through a special filtering installation on board the vessel. The design criteria is to reduce the radioactive content by a factor of one thousand. The filter can process 120 tons of liquid waste per day; however, the filter plant has never satisfied the design criteria with regard to reduction of radioactive content. The maximum permissible activity is set at 370 MBq/l-370 kBq/l (10-2-10-5 Ci/l). Each vessel also has two holds for the storage of solid radioactive waste.
One hold has a capacity of 600 tons of waste loaded in containers; while the other can accommodate 400 tons. The waste may be of varying activity and physical dimensions.
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The Northern Fleet took Amur into use in 1984 and the vessel was comprehensively overhauled in 1993/94. Here Amur is pictured lying in dry dock in the central harbour at Murmansk.
 Pavlov, A. S., Military
Vessels in the Soviet Union and Russia 1945 - 1995, 1994.
 Ibid. Return
 Promotional leaflet on the ship, presented by the TsKB Institute, Aisberg. Return
 Pavlov, A. S., Naval Craft of Russia and the Soviet Union 1945-1995, 1994. Return