Bellona Report nr. 2:96. Written by: Thomas Nilsen, Igor Kudrik and Alexandr Nikitin.
Project 945, 945 A, 945 B (Mars) - Sierra Class
|| 112.7 m
|| 5 200/ 6 800 tons |
|| 11.2 m
|| 800 m|
|| 8.5 m
|| Titanium alloy|
|| 35 knots
One pressurised water reactor, same model as that used in Project 971
(Akula) generating a power of 47 000 hp. Uses the same type of reactor as that
on the Mike class submarine Komsomolets with a power capacity of
190 MWt. Reactor core is model OK-650.
One SS-N-21 cruise missile. SS-N-15 depth charge and SS-N-16 missile.
Construction Company-112, Lazurit, N.I. Kvasya.
The hull was built in Nizhny Novgorod at the factory Krasnoye Soromovo from
1982 until 1993. From here the submarines were towed in dock via inland
waterways to Severodvinsk where construction and testing were completed.
The Sierra class submarines are based in Ara Bay at Vidyayevo Naval Base. At
the present time, the submarine Barracuda is undergoing repairs
and modernisation at Severodvinsk.
It is maintained that the Sierra class submarines are so quiet that they
cannot be detected by NATO's tracking system SOSUS.
- Laid down on May 8, 1982. Launched in July 1983 and commissioned on
September 21, 1984. On February 11, 1992, Barracuda collided with
the American submarine Baton Rouge just off Kildin Island near
the Kola Coast. After the collision, the submarine returned to base, but it was
later transferred to Zvezdochka Shipyard in Severodvinsk for upgrades,
maintenance and repair. As of April 1995, Barracuda was still at
the shipyard in Severodvinsk.
- Laid down in August 1983. Launched in April 1984 and commissioned in 1986.
- Carp. Laid down in April 1984. Launched in June 1986 and
commissioned in 1987.
- Crab. Laid down in June 1986. Launched in June 1988 and
commissioned in 1990.
- Zubatka. Laid down in June 1988. Launched in May 1990 and
commissioned in 1992.
- Okun. Laid down in May 1990. Launched in June 1992 and
commissioned in 1993.
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